Overview of Menstruation

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OOverview of Menstruation:The phase when children undergo many changes – both physically and mentally, as their body transitions to that of a young adult from a child is known as puberty, and that’s when most girls begin to menstruate. Everyone has their own schedule, there is no single age as to when every girl may begin menstruation, but anytime between the ages 11 to 15 is deemed as completely normal. Let’s go through this guide to help us understand the changes that a body experiences.

What is a period? - Overview of Menstruation
Overview of Menstruation

What is a period? – Overview of Menstruation

Menstruation is also commonly known as Periods. In this natural biological process, generally once in a month, tissue and blood from our uterus come out from our vagina. The beginning of menstruation is the process of the body’s way of preparation of the body for a probable pregnancy. The release of the hormones, progesterone, and oestrogen is carried out by the ovaries. The building up of the endometrium or the uterine lining which nurtures the fertilized egg is signaled by these female hormones.

Ovulation - Overview of Menstruation
Ovulation – Overview of Menstruation

During ovulation, an egg is released from one of the ovaries which travels through the fallopian tube and attaches to the uterine lining being ready for fertilization, which is also signaled by the same hormones. To fertilize the egg, a sperm cell is needed. The uterine line is broken down and shed in case the sperm cell is absent through the process of the period.

This process of building up the lining, breaking down, and ultimately getting shed takes between 21 to 35 days for most women, and on average, it takes around 28 days.

Signs that we may be approaching our first periods – Overview of Menstruation

Though generally two years after our breasts begin to develop, periods begin, yet there are some other signals such as the growth of hair in our public hair, discharge of mucus-like substance from the vagina which may be clear, white, or slightly yellowish in color, which may signal the arrival of our first period.

Signs that we may be approaching our subsequent periods – Overview of menstruation

It is very important to observe the signs of approaching periods for they help in getting us prepared for period management stuffs like sanitary pads and tampons. After we have started to menstruate, given below are some signs that tend to stay through the course of our life :

Signs that we may be approaching our subsequent periods - Overview of menstruation
Subsequent Periods – Overview of menstruation

• Feeling bloated and gassy
• Experiencing acne
• Having a headache
• Seeing signs of pre-menstrual syndrome
• Experiencing abdominal cramps

Key Takeaway – Overview of Menstruation

Periods are as natural part of growing up as our appetite for food. We are not ashamed of feeling hungry and eating food, similarly, there is nothing to be ashamed of about our periods. In case of any doubts regarding the same, we should try to have healthy conversations with our health care providers, teachers, parents, older siblings, or even friends.

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