We have gone through an overview of infertility, risk factors causing infertility, prevention measures to encourage the conception of a child, and causes of infertility in both males and females (Read Here: Infertility). In this article, we shall discuss the diagnosis of infertility in males.
Our doctor or fertility clinic strives to understand our sexual habits prior to performing infertility testing, and they may offer suggestions to increase our chances of becoming pregnant. Sometimes there is no clear cause for infertility in a couple (unexplained infertility).
The cost of an infertility evaluation might be high, and it occasionally entails painful procedures. The expense of fertility therapy may not be covered by all health insurance plans. Finally, even after all the testing and counseling, there is no assurance that you will become pregnant.
Diagnosis of Infertility In males
It is necessary for male fertility that the testicles create an adequate number of healthy sperm and that the sperm is efficiently ejaculated into the vagina and goes to the egg. Male infertility tests look to see if any of these functions are compromised.
A general physical checkup that includes a genital examination may be performed on us. Particular fertility testing could consist of:
Semen examination – Diagnosis of Infertility In Males
One or more samples of semen may be requested by your doctor. In general, ejaculating your semen into a clean container while interrupting a sexual act is how you obtain semen. Your sample of semen is examined in a lab. Testing for sperm in urine is a possibility in certain circumstances.
Hormone evaluation – Diagnosis of Infertility In Males
To check your levels of testosterone and other male hormones, you could have a blood test.
Genetic analysis – Diagnosis of Infertility In Males
To ascertain whether a genetic abnormality is the root of infertility, genetic testing may be performed.
Prostate biopsy – Diagnosis of Infertility In Males
A testicular biopsy may be done in some circumstances to find anomalies causing infertility or to get sperm for assisted reproductive methods like IVF.
Imaging – Diagnosis of Infertility In Males
Imaging tests such as a brain MRI, transrectal or scrotal ultrasound, or a test of the vas deferens (vasography) may be carried out under specific circumstances.
Further specialized tests: Other sperm quality tests, such as checking a sample of semen for DNA abnormalities, may be carried out in exceptional circumstances.
Read next: Diagnosis of Infertility In Females
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