We have all heard a lot about cancer and if you are here reading this article, you probably want an easy and solid overview of cancer and we will try to discuss it in very simple terms.
What is Cancer? : Overview of Cancer
Trillions of cells make a human body. Each day normal cells grow while abnormal and old cells die. Cancer starts when there is something wrong in this cycle. New cells will keep dividing while old and abnormal cells do not die when they are supposed to. It results in Cancer cells dominating over new cells. It can happen almost anywhere in the body.
If such abnormal cells originate from any tissue, they are to be specified by the name of that tissue like Lung Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Breast Cancer, Skin Cancer, etc.
How does Cancer spread? : Overview of Cancer
These cancer cells tend to break away from their origin and travel through blood flow, which allows them to accumulate and multiply in other organs. This cycle is known as the metastatic spread or metastasis.
What causes Cancer? : Overview of Cancer
There is never one reason behind Cancer. It can be unknown in some cases or work in combinations of causes. Those may include a person’s genetic nature, environmental or lifestyle motivations, etc.
Some defined causes are updated as research progresses. Some of them are –
1)Harmful Radiations – UV rays from the sun, radiation from alpha, beta, gamma, and X-rays emissions.
2)Genetics – In some cases, Human genes are linked with several specific cancers such as skin, prostate, breast, ovarian, melanoma, and colorectal.
3)Toxic compound exposure – Chemical compounds like asbestos, cadmium, benzene, vinyl chloride, Tobacco, cigarette smoke, etc.
4)Pathogens – Viruses like Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Hepatitis virus B and C, and Helicobacter pylori and other bacteria are responsible as per the research.
What are the symptoms of Cancer? : Overview of Cancer
Symptoms that reflect the presence of Cancer can be –
Development of lump in breasts or Testicles, Continuous cough, Blood in urine, Trouble in swallowing, Sore throat, sudden pain in different body parts, recurring fevers, loss of appetite, nausea, or persistent fatigue.
How to Treat Cancer? : Overview of Cancer
Cancer treatment can be of many types. It depends on the type of cancer and how advanced it becomes. Some lucky people will only have one treatment. However, many people will have a combination of treatments such as – surgery with radiation therapy or chemotherapy, targeted or hormone therapy, and immunotherapy.
Moreover, Clinical trials can be another good option for us too. It refers to research studies that involve people into consideration.
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